is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention,
diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other
physical and mental impairments in human beings.
A hospital’s primary task is to provide
short-term care for people with severe health issues resulting
from injury, disease or genetic anomaly.
Some surgeries are too complex to be done safely
in a doctor’s office but simple enough that patients generally
do not require hospital care after undergoing them.
When patients are unable to get to their
doctor’s office or want basic medical care without an
appointment, an urgent care clinic might be the perfect choice.
A nursing home is designed for patients who
require constant care but do not need to be hospitalized and
cannot be cared for at home.
to Health Foundation
Public health has evolved as a multi-disciplinary science which
deals with the determinants and defence of health at the
population level so as to impact upon and improve the health of
individuals in that population .
It aims to focus on and influence
the multiple determinants of health (economic, social,
behavioural and biological) and to undertake and evaluate
multi-sectoral interventions to positively influence those
As India experiences a rapid health transition,
it is confronted both by an unfinished agenda of eliminating
infectious diseases, nutritional deficiencies, unsafe pregnancies
and the challenge of escalating epidemics of non-communicable